Sansar chand II (Great Ruler of Kangra)


In this article, I will give you information about Raja Sansar Chand-II, who was the Great Ruler of Kangra. From 1786 A.D. to 1805 A.D. was the 'golden period' for Sansar Chand II. He took possession of Kangra Fort and started annexing nearby kingdoms and ruled the hill region for 'approximately 50 years'.

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SANSAR CHAND-II
• Sansar Chand-II was the 'powerful Raja of Kangra'.
• He was born in 1765 at 'Bijapur village', 6 miles from 'Lambagraon in Palampur tehsil of Kangra'.
• He was the 'Grandson of Ghamand Chand' and sat on a throne on '1775 at the age of 10'.
• He has 'three queens' from Suket (Parsana Devi), Sirmaour & Bara Banghal.
• Later he married "Nokhu Gaddan' & spent last fews days with dancing girl "Jamalo".
• Sansar Chand took the title of "Chattraparti Naresh" and "Pahadi Badshah".
• He had Akbar styled "Chhattis (36) Kaarkhanas" for various handicrafts.
• He built "Darbar hall in Sujanpur Tira" that had 22 gates for his tributary kings.
• He 'received tributes from 11 states' under Jalandar circle, who use to pay visit on Dusshera
• He constructed 'Gauri Shankar temple (or', also known as Sansarchandesvar (1794), 'Murli Manohar temple' (1791). His rani from Suket built the 'Narbadesvar temple'.
• During his tenure, the revenue of Kangra was '35 lakh'
• From 1786 A.D. to 1805 A.D. was the 'golden period' for Sansar Chand.
• Raja Sansar Chand employed a European adventurer, 'Irish O Brien', who established 'a factory of small arms' and raised disciplined force of 1400 men for him.
• O Brien has raised the army of around 1400 Europeans men that wore the European uniforms.
• He was was also a great art lover, during his reign, there was the greatest development of "Kangra style paintings.
• During his reign, '40000 paintings' were produced.
• 'Manaku' and "Purkhu" were the famous painters of the Sansar Chand.
• Kangra gained independence during the regime of Maharaja Sansar Chand.
• He ruled the hill region for 'approximately 50 years'.
• He took possession of Kangra Fort and started annexing nearby kingdoms.
• He had direct and indirect control of numerous regions like Bilaspur, Mandi, Chamba, Guler, Suket, Datarpur, Sibba and Jaswan.
oIn 1809, Sansar Chand asked helped from Ranjit Singh against Gurkhas & signed a "Jwalamukhi treaty'.
o As per treaty, Sansar Chand agreed to give 66 villages & Kangra fort to Maharaja Ranjit Singh in exchange.


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